An executor of a sole or last surviving executor of a testator is the executor of that testator. This does not apply to an executor who does not prove the will of his testator, and in the case of an executor who on his death leaves surviving him some other executor of his testator who afterward proves the will of that testator, it shall cease to apply on such probate being granted.

So long as the chain of such representation is unbroken, the last executor in the chain is the executor of every preceding testator.

The chain of such representation is broken by;

  • An intestacy, or
  • The failure of a testator to appoint an executor, or
  • The failure to obtain probate of a will;

But is broken by a temporary grant of administration if probate is subsequently granted.

Every person in the chain of representation to a testator –

  • Has the same rights in respect of the real and personal estate of that testator as the original executor would have had if living, and
  • Is to the extent to which the estate whether real or personal of that testator has come to his hands, answerable as if he were an original executor.
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