The fundamental human rights must be protected for everyone involved in physical education, physical activity and sports.
Human rights can better be enhanced in sports activities through effective sports programs with the aim to promote and protect human rights.
Sports activities can facilitate the inclusion of marginalized groups such as refugees, religious or cultural minorities, people with disabilities and persons attached with health stigma.
The Maggligen declaration and the United Nations inter-agency task force on development and peace emphasized that sport is a human right.
POLICIES ON THE PROTECTION AND PROMOTION OF SPORT AS A HUMAN RIGHT
The international charter of physical education and sport of 1978, the declaration of the rights of the child of 1959, the convention on the rights of the child of 1989 and the Geneva convention adopted in 1949 all illustrate the nexus between sports and human rights in the world.
According to the international charter of physical education and sport of 1978, access to physical education was declared as a fundamental right.
In 1989, the convention on the rights of the child-enshrined children’s right to play which became the most widely ratified international human rights treaty.
The Geneva Convention adopted in 1949 emphasized that prisoners of war are entitled to physical exercise, sports and games.
The children’s right to play and the environment ensures play and physical activity are considered a basic right for children around the world.
In the year 2020, 54 commonwealth member countries unanimously adopted the commonwealth consensus statement on promoting human rights in and through sport.
In conclusion, the enhancement of human rights and sports must be aimed at promoting inclusion and prevent discrimination.